Keywords

Keywords


Keywords belonging Materials.

List Category Keyword Definition Artefact
count
Materials   Paint - watercolour used in art.    
Materials   Bamboo    
Materials   Bamboo    
Materials   Asbestos cement Asbestos cement is also known as "fibro." It is a building material of whitish colour and uniform thickness with a smooth surface. The fibrous material used in its manufacture can often be seen embedded in the outer surface.   51
Materials   Ash Ash is the whitish or grey coloured residue from a fire    
Materials   Biological Material - Other   19
Materials   Biological Material - preserved bird A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and feathers.   10
Materials   Biological Material - preserved dog A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and fur.   20
Materials   Biological Material - preserved penguin A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and feathers.   12
Materials   Biological Material - preserved seal A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and fur.   24
Materials   Biological material - preserved sheep A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and feathers.    
Materials   Biological Material - preserved skua A naturally freeze dried specimen, including, skeletal material, soft tissue and feathers.   1
Materials   Bone Includes teeth, antler and horn as well as bones.   8
Materials   Bone - burnt The colour and patterning of the bone is dependant on whether the bone was wet or dry at the time of incineration and the temperature to which it was exposed.   3
Materials   Bone - butchered Evidence of butchery can be observed on bones as clean cuts through the bone or incised marks. Sometimes it is possible to identify the type of implement that was used, such as a saw.   1
Materials   Bone - other Includes all bone, including teeth, which lacks discernible physical evidence of working or butchery..   4
Materials   Bone - worked This category includes worked bone, ivory, horn and antler. Worked bone is frequently found in the form of handles (e.g. for cutlery), buttons and other ornaments. Worked bone can be distinguished from synthetic material by examination with a magnifying glass. It has a distinctive circular "grain."   3
Materials   Bristles This term is only used in association with animal bristle. Synthetic bristles are classified as "Plastic - Other."   3
Materials   Candle wax, wick   1
Materials   Cardboard   12
Materials   Ceramics - Earthenware - Architectural/Industrial   4
Materials   Ceramics - Earthenware - Other   2
Materials   Ceramics - Earthenware -Domestic Ceramics - Earthenware refers to all forms of non-vitreous opaque whiteware. The clay particles do not vitrify in earthenwares, and so the resulting wares are porous and often thick-sectioned, and coarse and grainy at a break (although fine, thin-sectioned earthenwares are also found). Domestic earthenware is invariably glazed due to the porous nature of the pieces. A good way of detecting earthenware is to touch the broken edge of a piece with the tongue - earthenware will have a grainy, sandpaper-like feel to it.   3
Materials   Ceramics - Other Ceramics -Other (specify) is used to describe a known ceramics type other than earthenware, stoneware or terracotta.   6
Materials   Ceramics - Porcelain - Architectural/Industrial    
Materials   Ceramics - Porcelain - Domestic Ceramics - Porcelain refers to all forms of porcelain (soft and hard paste) and bone china, i.e. types of vitreous whiteware. The body particles are completely vitrified during firing - any break in porcelain is, therefore, smooth and glass-like. Porcelain pieces are non-porous and often to some extent translucent, depending on the fineness of the of the piece. Porcelain pieces are usually glazed (clear) although ornamental pieces are occasionally unglazed. Domestic ware pieces are relatively fine and thin.   4
Materials   Ceramics - Porcelain - Other    
Materials   Ceramics - Stoneware - Architectural/Industrial   6
Materials   Ceramics - Stoneware - Domestic Ceramics - Stoneware refers to wares made of a vitreous opaque body, usually light brown or beige in colour. The clay particles in stoneware are completely vitrified during firing, thus producing a hard, non-porous ware, which is completely smooth at a break. Because it is non-porous, stoneware was frequently used for drinking vessels, containers for liquids, and for industrial pieces. Domestic stoneware is found glazed and unglazed (sometimes salt glazed, which gives a shiny, "orange peel" effect) and frequently features relief decoration (or is left undecorated)..   7
Materials   Ceramics - Stoneware - Other   1
Materials   Ceramics - Terracotta Ceramics - Terracotta usually have a rough unglazed clay body, which is often red or yellow in colour. Terracotta is extremely porous and usually found in the form of building materials and garden pieces.    
Materials   Ceramics - Unidentified Ceramics - Unidentified is used to describe objects of unknown or indiscernible ceramic type   2
Materials   Chemicals   1
Materials   Coal Coal is formed from carbonised vegetable material and is used as a substance for domestic heating and manufacturing.   2
Materials   Composite Object Composite objects are catalogued by describing all fabrics comprising the object.   59
Materials   Concrete Concrete is a building material made from a mixture of water, sand, stone and cement. It is extremely hard and heavy when set, and often coarse and grainy at a break.   50
Materials   Cork   29
Materials   Down   11
Materials   Feathers   2
Materials   Fibre - felt   15
Materials   Fibre - Other   15
Materials   Fibre - Textile All fibre categories refer to natural fibre only. These do not include wool, which has its own category. Synthetic fibres are classified as "Plastic - Other."   44
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Canvas   52
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Cotton   85
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Fibre pile/polar fleece   1
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Linen    
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Nylon/polyester   6
Materials   Fibre - Textile - Other   33
Materials   Fibre - Thread/String/Cord/Rope   118
Materials   Fibreglass Synthetic moulding material   11
Materials   Foam/sponge - Synthetic   4
Materials   food stuff a substance used or capable of being used as nutriment for human or animal   22
Materials   Fur Fur only refers to animal. Synthetic "fur" is classified as "Plastic - Other."   15
Materials   Glass - Burnt/Opalised    
Materials   glass - optical lens optical lens, could be spectacle lens or projector lens   1
Materials   Glass - Other - Black   2
Materials   Glass - Other - Blue   6
Materials   Glass - Other - Brown   15
Materials   Glass - Other - Clear Glass - Other refers to all non-window glass. The most common type within the category is bottle glass. If bottles are incomplete bases and lips can be of diagnostic value. Further, many bottles are impressed with manufacturing information, which can also provide information about the date of manufacture. The technology of bottle making is fairly closely dated for the early 20th century. Glass colours Allowable colour names are: CLEAR - ranges from completely colourless to bluish or greenish colour. BLUE - ranges from an extremely deep dark blue to light blue. GREEN - ranges from an extremely dark olive green (occasionally described as "black glass") to light sea green or grass green. BROWN - ranges from dark brown to light, and includes amber glass often used in beer bottles. RED - includes red and maroon. PINK. BLACK - includes only truly black pieces. When held up to a strong light some pieces are proved to be brown or dark green. YELLOW - does not include amber. WHITE - refers to opaque white glass ("milk bottle glass"). ORANGE - does not include amber. PURPLE - includes mauve and lavender. MULTICOLOURED - where more than two colours of glass are discernible in an individual piece.   203
Materials   Glass - Other - Frosted/coated   1
Materials   Glass - Other - Green   22
Materials   Glass - Other - Multicoloured   1
Materials   Glass - Other - Orange   4
Materials   Glass - Other - Pink    
Materials   Glass - Other - Purple   5
Materials   Glass - Other - Red   2
Materials   Glass - Other - White   2
Materials   Glass - Other - Yellow    
Materials   Glass - Window (specify colour)    
Materials   Glass - Window - Clear Window glass is of even thickness, is flat on both surfaces and is usually clear in colour.   65
Materials   Graphite Graphite is the form of carbon used in modern pencil "leads" and dry cell batteries.    
Materials   Grass A grass from Scandinavia called saenagras was used in boots, especially finnesko.   1
Materials   Hair   1
Materials   Ivory    
Materials   Leather   123
Materials   Liquid - unidentified   4
Materials   Masonite   1
Materials   Metal - Aluminium Aluminium is a white (silver/grey) coloured metal, which is extremely light, malleable, non- magnetic and resistant to oxidation. It is often found in very thin pieces and in the form of containers or household items.   90
Materials   Metal - Brass   88
Materials   Metal - Composite Metal - Composite refers to objects consisting of components made of different metal types and also composite metals, such as EPNS (electroplate nickel and silver- this is always hallmarked EPNS), and identifiably plated objects. Note: Coins: English and Australian coins made prior to 1945 - silver coloured coins are catalogued as "Metal - Silver," and copper-coloured coins are catalogued as "Metal - Copper - Other." English and Australian coins minted after 1945 are all catalogued as "Metal - Copper - Other."   71
Materials   Metal - Copper Metal -Copper (includes brass and bronze) is a reddish (orange-brown) metal, which is fairly malleable, non-magnetic and has a characteristic blue/green oxidisation. Because it is a good conductor, copper is also commonly used in wires.   36
Materials   Metal - Copper - Nails   6
Materials   Metal - Copper - Other   32
Materials   Metal - Ferrous Metal - Ferrous includes iron and all its alloys, such as steel. Ferrous metals are magnetic to some extent, depending on the presence or absence of non-ferrous plating, etc. Ferrous metals "rust" when exposed to moisture and air, producing a reddish colour. Rust is not magnetic and may greatly reduce the degree of magnetism of a piece. Rust often becomes very thick and obscures the original form of the object.   465
Materials   Metal - Ferrous - Nails   37
Materials   Metal - Ferrous - Other   49
Materials   Metal - Lead Lead is a very heavy, soft metal, whitish-grey in colour, non-magnetic, and easily melted.   10
Materials   Metal - Other Metal - Other (specify) refers to objects made of metals other than those mentioned above, such as zinc, nickel, tin, gold, etc.   124
Materials   Metal - Silver Silver is a lustrous white (silver/grey) coloured precious metal, which has a blackish oxidisation product. Silver is often plated onto other metals. Silver objects are frequently "hallmarked" - imprinted with symbols identifying their composition and date and place of manufacture.   5
Materials   Metal - Tin   23
Materials   Metal - Unidentified Metal - Unidentified is used to describe metal objects of unknown or undiscernible metal type.   212
Materials   Metal - Zinc Zinc   1
Materials   Mortar/Plaster Mortar/Plaster are building materials produced by mixing lime with other materials. They can be coarse to powdery in texture and of variable colour and thickness. Plaster is often painted on its outer surface. Lime mortar can be scratched or broken with a fingernail.   52
Materials   Other Other (specify) refers to all known fabrics not included in the "Materials" list.   40
Materials   Paint Paint is often found in small flakes or as a surface treatment applied to composite objects.   25
Materials   Paper Paper includes all types of paper, such as cardboard, newspaper, etc.   315
Materials   Plastic - Bakelite Bakelite is a very early form of plastic. It is usually dull in colour - cream, maroon, black or brown - without a glossy finish. Bakelite is more brittle than more modern forms of plastic. It is frequently found in the form of electrical fittings and various domestic items.   35
Materials   Plastic - Linoleum   1
Materials   Plastic - Other Plastic - Other includes all forms of synthetic material other than bakelite and linoleum.   167
Materials   Plastic - Perspex type material   6
Materials   Rubber   55
Materials   Scales Scales refers to all fish or reptile scales. They are usually hard, transparent and slightly curved.    
Materials   Seed Seed includes seeds, fruit stones and nut shells    
Materials   Shell - Other Shell - Other includes sea and marine shells, snails, unworked tortoise shell, etc, i.e. all animal shell not showing any evidence of working. This category does not include plant "shells" - these are classified as "Seed."   4
Materials   Shell - Worked Shell -worked refers to worked mother-of-pearl, tortoise shell, etc. Buttons are a common form of worked shell.    
Materials   Skin Skin does not include leather.   3
Materials   Stone Specify, if possible.   33
Materials   Straw   1
Materials   Tar paper Tar paper is a lining material, used as an aid to minimise snow ingress inside the Main Hut to aid in the insulation of the Magnetograph House.   4
Materials   Unidentified Unidentified is used to describe objects of unknown fabric or fabric which cannot be discerned.   12
Materials   Wax   3
Materials   wood Wood used in framing of artworks and photographs   33
Materials   Wood - Charcoal Charcoal is a black and crumbly product of burning wood. A wood grain is often present. It can be distinguished from coal as the latter is hard and shiny.    
Materials   Wood - Other   57
Materials   Wood - plywood   32
Materials   Wood - Worked Wood - worked refers to pieces of wood showing physical signs of working or utilisation. Timber pieces constitute the most common form of worked wood at Cape Denison.   261
Materials   Wool - Fibre   5
Materials   Wool - Fleece   4
Materials   Wool - Textile   27
Materials Description   Bamboo   17