List of Species Lists sorted by type
There are 3 types - Antarctic-wide, lists based on bio-regions and Protection agreements or conventions.
The following are checklists that cover Antarctic-wide purposes. For region specific lists, see the Bioregions list.
|Checklist||Description||Purpose / Comments|
|Alien species||Species that have been introduced to the Antarctic and/or sub-Antarctic ecosystem as a result of human activity (including species that arrived by natural means but are alien to that biogeographical zone)||Data from Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom, D. (2005) Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biological Reviews 80 pp. 45-72 see http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/bib/display_bib.cfm?bib_id=41321||View 199 species|
|Antarctic Birds||The definite list of Antarctic birds with status on breeding, vagrant or visitor to the region.||This list from the SCAR Expert Group on Birds, May 2005. See http://www.birds.scar.org/. It does not include sub-Antarctic species unless they are visitors or vagrants.||View 83 species|
|Antarctic Marine Protists||Protists are microscopic algae and protozoa, formerly thought of as single-celled plants and animals. Planktonic protists constitute the base of marine food webs and play a key role in the exchange of carbon dioxode between the atmosphere and the ocean. This list is of protsists that live in the surface waters and sea-ice south of the Antarctic Polar Front.||Species list derived from the book Antarctic Marine Prostists (2005) edited by Fiona J. Scott and Harvey J. Marchant. (ISBN 0 642 56835 9)||View 563 species|
|Protection Measure||Long name||Description|
|Agreed Measures 1964||1964 Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Flora & Fauna||This conservation measure, which addressed protection areas such as SPA's and SSSI's, has been placed within the Madrid Protocol.
|View 6 species|
|Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation Act 1981||Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation Act 1981||The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) applies to the Antarctic marine living resources of the area south of the Antarctic Convergence which form part of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. Antarctic marine living resource means the populations of fin fish, molluscs, crustaceans and all other species of living organisms, including birds, found south of the Antarctic Convergence. The Antarctic marine ecosystem means the complex of relationships of Antarctic marine living resources with each other and with their physical environment.
|Antarctic Seals Conservation Regulations 1986||Antarctic Seals Conservation Regulations 1986||Made under the Antarctic Treaty (Environment Protection) Act 1980. Describes requirements for activities involving seals indigenous to the Antarctic.
|View 10 species|
|Antarctic Treaty (Environmental Protection) Act 1980||Antarctic Treaty (Environmental Protection) Act 1980||An Act relating to the protection and conservation of the environment of the Antarctic. (Australian national instrument).
|View 1 species|
|Antarctic Treaty 1959||The Antarctic Treaty||Applies to the area south of 60 deg S. Instruments to the Antarctic Treaty include the Agreed Measures (1964), CCAS (1972), CCAMLR (1980) and the Madrid Protocol (1991).
|ANZECC||Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council||
|View 2 species|
|Bonn Convention (CMS) 1979 - Appendix I||Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.||Appendix I lists migratory species that are endangered.
|View 4 species|
|Bonn Convention (CMS) 1979 - Appendix II||Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals||Appendix II lists migratory species which have an unfavourable conservation status and which require or would benefit from international agreements for their conservation and management.
|View 29 species|
|BTW 3||Birds To Watch, Volume 3, published by BirdLife International, 2000.||BirdLife International has listed bird species by their conservation status ranked against IUCN criteria. The information is available on a searchable database, or in the publication BTW 3.
|View 7 species|
|CCAMLR CM||Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Conservation Measures||Further details of the protection measures for a species such as catch limits, gear specifications, area and species protection can be seen on the CCAMLR website.
|View 16 species|
|CCAS 1972||Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals||The Convention applies to the seas south of 60deg. South Latitude, in respect of which the Contracting Parties affirm the provisions of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty. Allows for species protection, area protection and open/closed seasons.
|View 7 species|
|CITES (1973 ) - Appendix I||Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora||Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species is strictly regulated.
|View 3 species|
|CITES (1973 ) - Appendix II||Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora||Appendix II includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
|View 8 species|
|EPBC 1999 Listed Critical Habitat||Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999||The identification of critical habitat for the Register of Critical Habitat, including location and extent information, is a matter of ecological judgement, and is based on the most up-to-date scientific information available to the Threatened Species Scientific Committee and the Minister for the Environment and Heritage at the time the habitat was being considered.
|View 2 species|
|EPBC Act 1999||Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999||The Commonwealth legislation provides a national framework for environment protection through a focus on protecting matters of national environmental significance and on the conservation of Australia's biodiversity.
|View 36 species|
|ESPA 1992||Australian Engangered Species Protection Act 1992||This has been superseded by the EPBC Act 1999
|View 18 species|
|ESPA 2000||Australian Endangered Species Protection Act 1992, Schedule 1, 19 Jan 2000||This has been superseded by the EPBC Act 1999
|View 5 species|
|Fisheries Management Act 1991||Fisheries Management Act 1991||An Act relating to fisheries. (Australian national instrument).
|Garnett and Crowley 2000||Action Plan for Australian Birds||This website contains action plans in PDF format for several hundred Australian birds
|View 23 species|
|HSI||Humane Society International (Australia)||The EPBC Unit is a joint project of the World Wide Fund for Nature and the Humane Society International to support the implementation of the new Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (EPBC Act) for the benefit of the environment.
See http://www.hsi.org.au/ or http://www.wwf.org.au/default.asp?p=../epbc/index.htm
|View 4 species|
|IBA||BirdLife International Important Bird Area||There are currently no species or areas assigned to this measure. Details should be known by mid-2002.|
|ICRW 1946||International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946||These measures, among other things, provide for the complete protection of certain species; designate specified areas as whale sanctuaries (including Southern Ocean Sanctuary); set limits on the numbers and size of whales that may be taken; prescribe open and closed seasons and areas for whaling; and prohibit the capture of suckling calves and female whales accompanied by calves.
|View 9 species|
|IUCN Red Data List 1994||1994 International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List||The 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable).
See http://www.wcmc.org.uk/species/animals/categories.html (1994)
|View 32 species|
|IUCN Red List 2000||2000 International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List.||The 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on taxa that have been evaluated using the 1994 IUCN Red List Categories. This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable).
See http://www.redlist.org/search/search-basic.html (2000)
|View 28 species|
|IWC 1946||International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946||These measures, among other things, provide for the complete protection of certain species; designate specified areas as whale sanctuaries (including Southern Ocean Sanctuary); set limits on the numbers and size of whales which may be taken; prescribe open and closed seasons and areas for whaling; and prohibit the capture of suckling calves and female whales accompanied by calves.
See http://www.iwcoffice.org/Convention.htm View the schedule at http://www.iwcoffice.org/Schedule.htm
|Madrid Protocol 1991||The 1991 Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty||The Parties commit themselves to the comprehensive protection of the Antarctic environment and dependent and associated ecosystems and hereby designate Antarctica as a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science.
|View 6 species|
|Penguin CAMP||Penguin Conservation Assessment & Management Plan (IUCN SSC) 1998||
|View 3 species|
|Protection of the Sea Act 1983||Protection of the Sea (Prevention of Pollution from Ships) Act 1983||An Act relating to the protection of the sea from pollution by oil and other harmful substances discharged from ships. (Australian national instrument).
|WHC 1972||Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage||The WHC facilitates the designation and preservation of natural and/or cultural sites of outstanding universal value. Macquarie and Heard and the McDonald Islands, Australia's only sub-Antarctic island groups, were granted World Heritage status on 3 December 1997. New Zealand's sub-Antarctic islands were granted World Heritage status on 2 December 1998.